This task explores the difference between two concepts:

  • equality of opportunity, such applying for a job or accessing an education
  • equality of outcome, such as enjoying good health and well-being.


Explain that Goal 10 seeks to ensure that everyone has the same opportunities, no matter what their age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic status.   

Cut up the equality of opportunity or outcome cards in the worksheet and ask pupils to place them in the quadrant. You can also do this activity online.

Pupils should start by placing the statements along the equality of opportunity (horizontal) line that runs from minus (low) to plus (high). Next, they should remove them and place them along the equity (vertical) line. Finally, they can take both lines into account as they place their statements.

  • Ask pupils to share why they placed their cards in particular places. Were there any that were hard to place?
  • Ask pupils to come up with their own examples to place
  • Is it possible that some people might see giving someone additional help to meet their needs as unfair because it results in unequal treatment?
  • Are equity and equal opportunities enough to make sure there is equality of outcomes?

Remind pupils that, while our examples have been about people within countries, Goal 10 also applies to inequalities between countries. These may be economic, political or military and may have historical causes that relate to inequalities between groups of people.