How do we contain a pandemic?

Lesson outcomes 

In this session you will: 

  • Develop your knowledge and understanding about how and why it is important to test and trace people to control the spread of a pandemic. 
  • Build on your knowledge of how infections spread and how people have tried to control pandemics in the past. 

By completing the activities below, you will: 

  • Develop your digital literacy skills by carrying out searches on the internet
  • Use critical thinking strategies to prioritise, organise, compare, and make informed judgements about ways of controlling the spread of Covid-19
  • Further develop your skills of citizenship by forming balanced opinions about the possible ways of preventing the spread of a disease
  • Develop empathy for people dealing with pandemics and outbreaks at different times and in different places.


Immunity – biological immunity is the body’s defence against disease-causing organisms or toxins. It may be general, or specific to a particular infection; acquired by having the illness in the past, or having been vaccinated against it. 

‘R’ number – scientists measure the spread of infectious disease by its reproduction number, known as the ‘R’ number.